E-learning NET

Glossary of Terms

Posted on: Май 31, 2011

asynchronous learning

Learning that does not require the students and teacher to be present at the same time. Participants are able to access information and communicate with each other on their own schedules. For example, they may get lessons through the Internet or on CD-ROM, and may communicate by e-mail or a threaded discussion group.

bandwidth

The capacity of a communication channel to carry information. The greater the bandwidth, the faster the information can move.

caching

Storing a copy of electronic information in a secondary location, usually to make it faster to get the information.

connectivity

The ability to send and receive electronic information, or to link with other programs or devices.

delivering school

A school that delivers a teacher-mediated e-learning credit course to students through the provincial Learning Management System (LMS), and that has the delivering teacher on staff.

digital learning resource

Any resource that can be stored electronically on a computer and that can be used to support learning. Examples include maps and other visual aids; tutorials; demonstrations; educational games; lesson plans; and assessments. A digital learning resource that has an interactive component is called an interactive learning object.

digital subscriber line (DSL)

A higher-speed communications connection that uses ordinary copper telephone lines.

distance education

A way to provide education through packaged lessons that students complete on their own. The material has traditionally been delivered by mail, but many distance education courses now deliver their material and collect their assignments electronically. Distance education is not the same as the teacher-mediated, e-learning credit courses offered through the provincial Learning Management System (LMS).

DSL

See digital subscriber line.

e-learning

The use of electronic technologies to support learning and teaching. A variety of learning opportunities can be offered through e-learning. For example, secondary school credit courses may be taught by teachers online, and electronic learning resources may be used in all grades, from K to 12, in regular classrooms. The technology includes computer-based learning modules, videoconferencing, electronic whiteboards, digital projectors, e-mail, threaded discussions, and more.

e-Learning Ontario

A program of the Ontario Ministry of Education (and formerly known as the Ontario Knowledge Network for Learning). e-Learning Ontario is dedicated to improving student achievement by helping school boards and schools to use technology as a teaching and learning tool. e-Learning Ontario is responsible for implementing the provincial e-learning strategy.

encryption

The changing of data into a secret code, which a user cannot read without a key or password.

fibre optic cable

Cable that uses glass or plastic fibres to carry data at almost the speed of light. Fibre optic cables can carry data much faster than metal cables, are lighter and thinner, and are affected less by interference.

firewall

A system for preventing unauthorized users from accessing a private network. A firewall can be created using hardware or software, or a combination of both.

flexible intake

Flexibility in the date a student enrols in a course. Since e-learning courses can be conducted at the student’s own pace, the students in a course do not need to begin or end the course at the same time, or be at the same point in the course at any given time.

home school

The school in a student’s immediate district, where the student would normally register for courses and is eligible to attend as outlined in the Education Act.

home schooling

The education of students at home, usually under the direction of their parents. The student is not registered with a local school board.

ILC

Independent Learning Centre of TVOntario.

interactive learning object

A reusable digital resource that engages students in an online problem-solving activity. An interactive learning object is one form of digital learning resource that can be found in the Ontario Educational Resource Bank.

IP telephony

Internet Protocol telephony. Hardware and software that enable people to use the Internet to make telephone calls.

ISP

Internet service provider.

Kbps

Kilobits per second — a data transmission speed.

LAN

See local area network.

latency

Delay (or time lag) in a network. Latency is especially a concern in satellite connectivity.

Learning Management System (LMS)

There are many different learning management systems. The provincial Learning Management System is a set of applications that is used to deliver Ministry-approved teacher-mediated e-learning credit courses to students throughout the province. It provides a range of services to help school boards deliver e-learning, including course management, student tracking, learning activities, and communication and collaboration tools. Ontario’s LMS is funded and governed by the Ministry of Education and is hosted in a central location.

learning object

See interactive learning object.

learning object repository (LOR)

A storage site for digital learning resources. The provincial LOR — called the Ontario Educational Resource Bank — enables teachers to access single learning objects (such as visual aids), units of study, or remediation units. These resources may be used to support classroom learning or for credit courses delivered through the provincial Learning Management System (LMS).

LMS

See
Learning Management System
.

local area network

Technologies that enable a group of computers, printers, and other devices to work together and share data, usually in the same building.

LOR

See learning object repository.

Mbps

Megabits per second — a data transmission speed.

meta-data

Coded information about a learning object that enables a person to search for and use the object in the Ontario Educational Resource Bank.

microwave connection

A wireless networking connection that uses radio frequencies in the gigahertz range to send information. Microwave connections require line-of-sight from one point on the network to another.

modem

An electronic device or a program that a computer uses to send data through telephone lines, fibre optic cables, or another transmission medium.

non-teacher-mediated credit courses

Courses that are self-taught. The student’s learning is confirmed by periodically sending assignments to markers.

OKNL

Ontario Knowledge Network for Learning, the former name of e-Learning Ontario.

online learning

Using the Internet to learn.

Ontario Educational Resource Bank

Ontario’s storage site for digital learning resources to be used as part of the provincial e-learning strategy. The Resource Bank enables teachers to access single learning objects (such as visual aids), units of study, or remediation units. These resources may be used to support classroom learning or for credit courses delivered through the provincial Learning Management System.

Ontario Knowledge Network for Learning (OKNL)

The former name of e-Learning Ontario.

ORION

Ontario Research and Innovation Optical Network. A network that provides high-speed connectivity to Ontario’s research and educational institutions, and links them to each other and to similar organizations around the world.

OSR

Ontario Student Record.

PPM

Policy/Program Memorandum — a statement of policy by the Ontario Ministry of Education.

proctored examinations

Examinations conducted in the presence of an approved supervising official.

PTR

Pupil-teacher ratio.

Resource Bank

The Ontario Educational Resource Bank.

router

A device that routes data between computers on a network.

satellite connectivity

Internet access via satellites that orbit around the earth. A computer uses a satellite modem to broadcast to a satellite dish that, typically, is on top of a building. The dish then sends and receives signals to and from orbiting satellites. Satellite connectivity is slower than DSL or fibre optic cable.

scalability

The ability to expand a computer application to support large numbers of users.

synchronous learning

Learning that requires people to participate at the same time. Interaction occurs without a time delay (in «real time»). Also see
asynchronous learning.

T1 Line

A special phone line connection that enables data to be sent at speeds of up to 1.5 Mbps.

teacher-mediated credit courses

e-learning courses that are taught by a teacher to a class of students using electronic technology to communicate.

threaded discussion

A way for a group of people to communicate electronically without having to be online at the same time. Students and teachers can post questions, information, and comments on a particular theme, and can read the postings of all other participants in the group. Threaded discussions are a tool for asynchronous learning.

video streaming

A way to transfer video data that enables a computer to process the data as a steady stream. This enables a user to start viewing a file’s data before receiving the entire file. (Most users’ Internet access is not fast enough for downloading large video files quickly.)

videoconferencing

Using video cameras and online communications to enable people who are in different places to both see and hear each other in «real time». Videoconferencing is a tool for synchronous learning.

virtual private network

A private communications network (serving a single organization or group of organizations) that uses a public network (such as the Internet) to transport information.

VOIP

Voice Over Internet Protocol. Hardware and software that enable people to use the Internet to make telephone calls.

VPN

See virtual private network.

W3C

See Worldwide Web Consortium.

WAI

See Web Accessibility Initiative.

WAN

See wide area network.

Web Accessibility Initiative

A project of the Worldwide Web Consortium (W3C), aimed at promoting accessibility to the Web for people of all abilities and disabilities.

whiteboard

An electronic blackboard used as a teaching aid in e-learning. The instructor can write, draw, and display images or documents that can be seen at the same time by all participants on their computer screens. Students can also be allowed to contribute to the whiteboard. Whiteboards are a tool for synchronous learning.

wide area network

Technologies that enable computers, printers, and other devices to work together and share data over a wide area, often many kilometers apart.

Worldwide Web Consortium

An international group of more than 400 member organizations that develops and promotes standards and technologies for the Web. It is responsible for the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

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